Nowadays, Reinforced Concrete is commonly used in modern construction, mainly for buildings and bridges. Such projects may include a great variety of members, such as:
- Plate-type members: horizontal plates (slabs, bridge deck slabs and raft foundation slabs) or vertical (e.g. shear walls and core walls around stair cases or elevators)
- Line-type members: such as beams, columns or piles.
Under vertical loading plate-type members offer stiffness and strength in more than one direction within the member’s plan, while line- type members confer strength and stiffness primarily in one direction.